This paper provides a brief review of the history, clinical aspects and disease transmission of the emerging mosquito-borne Zika virus infection. It also presents the interim case definition for Zika virus disease issued by WHO as of February 2016. The paper then discusses the evolving current situation of the infection, and details the countries, territories and areas reporting Zika virus outbreaks and local transmission as of February 2016. In addition, observed increases in cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome and observed increases in cases of microcephaly in Brazil are described. Finally, Zika virus infection prevention and control strategies, including personal preventive measures and source reduction measures, are presented.
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