Coastal flood management in Semarang, Indonesia
Semarang is one of the biggest cities in Indo- nesia and is nowadays suffering from coastal flooding. Land subsidences, high water tide, and inadequate struc- tural measures play important roles in the coastal inundations. Structural and non-structural methods for controlling coastal flooding including dykes, drainage systems, pump stations, polder systems, coastal-land rec- lamations, coastal planning and management, public education, as well as the establishment of an institutional framework for disaster management have been imple- mented in the Semarang coastal area. Although some improvements have been made, the current flood man- agement system has generally failed to address a wide range of coastal inundation problems. Some improvement actions have been proposed including stakeholders involvement on the disaster mitigation. For a long period coastal management, accelerated sea level rises due to global warming should also be taken into account.