Skip to content


by Brian McKenzie, Steve D Ugbah, Norman Smothers
Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal ()
Get full text at journal


William Gartner's 1988 article 'Who is an Entrepreneur?' Is the Wrong Question suggested that more productive research into entrepreneurship could result from shifting the unit of analysis from the individual level to the functional level. Eighteen years later, it does not appear that the research resulting from this shift has produced agreement on the most appropriate definition of entrepreneurship. This paper compares three definitions of entrepreneurship currently being discussed by scholars and offers a fourth definition, which brings the unit of analysis back to the level of the individual. The paper reviews the literature defining the domain of entrepreneurship including the proposed new definition, develops a number of scenarios, tests each scenario against competing domain statements and concludes that the time has come to re-visit the individual as entrepreneur. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Cite this document (BETA)

Readership Statistics

5 Readers on Mendeley
by Discipline
80% Psychology
20% Business, Management and Accounting
by Academic Status
60% Researcher
20% Professor > Associate Professor
20% Student > Doctoral Student

Sign up today - FREE

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research. Learn more

  • All your research in one place
  • Add and import papers easily
  • Access it anywhere, anytime

Start using Mendeley in seconds!

Sign up & Download

Already have an account? Sign in