Constructing competence: an analysis of student participation in the activity systems of mathematics classrooms
This paper investigates distributed worked on mathematical competencies constructed setting. of future in particular The implications the construction interactions of systems of competence between the teachers in two middle school mathematics classrooms. Drawing on analyses of discourse from videotaped classroom sessions, this paper documents the ways that agency and accountability in the classrooms through were and students are simply attributes propose a concept of individual activity that can be externally defined. competence research and equitable learning Keywords Classroom culture Urban schools as an attribute system such as a classroom. In this perspective, classrooms, and can therefore of the ways that competence outcomes. as they content. In doing so, we problematize the assumption that of individuals of a person's participation what counts as "competent" look very different from settingto setting. The implications of the ways that competence can be defined are discussed in terms of future research and equitable learning outcomes.