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Oceanography

In this subdiscipline: 39,715 papers

Discipline summary

Marine Biology; Marine Ecology;

Popular papers

  1. Using inorganic carbon measurements from an international survey effort in the 1990s and a tracer-based separation technique, we estimate a global oceanic anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) sink for the period from 1800 to 1994 of 118 +/- 19…
  2. Today's surface ocean is saturated with respect to calcium carbonate, but increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are reducing ocean pH and carbonate ion concentrations, and thus the level of calcium carbonate saturation. Experimental…
  3. A new 2° resolution global climatology of the mixed layer depth (MLD) based on individual profiles is constructed. Previous global climatologies have been based on temperature or density-gridded climatologies. The criterion selected is a threshold…
  4. The NCEP and NCAR are cooperating in a project (denoted "reanalysis") to produce a 40-year record of global analyses of atmospheric fields in support of the needs of the research and climate monitoring communities. This effort involves the recovery…
  5. Contributing roughly half of the biosphere's net primary production (NPP), photosynthesis by oceanic phytoplankton is a vital link in the cycling of carbon between living and inorganic stocks. Each day, more than a hundred million tons of carbon in…
  6. A climatological mean distribution for the surface water pCO2 over the global oceans in non-El Ni??o conditions has been constructed with spatial resolution of 4?? (latitude) ??5?? (longitude) for a reference year 2000 based upon about 3 million…
  7. The purpose of this study is to find a combination of optimal numerical algorithms for time-stepping and mode-splitting suitable for a high-resolution, free-surface, terrain-following coordinate oceanic model. Due to mathematical feedback between…
  8. Based on about 940,000 measurements of surface-water pCO2 obtained since the International Geophysical Year of 1956-59, the climatological, monthly distribution of pCO2 in the global surface waters representing mean non-El Ni??o conditions has been…
  9. Abstract A practical step-by-step guide to wavelet analysis is given, with examples taken from time series of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The guide includes a comparison to the windowed Fourier transform, the choice of an appropriate…

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