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Materials Science

In this discipline: 313,699 papers · 2,197 groups

Discipline summary

Materials science is the study of matter and the application of its properties to different uses. The field seeks to understand the relationship between a material’s structure and its properties in order to optimize the performance of existing materials and manufacture new materials that replicate those properties. In addition to serving industrial purposes, materials science has also become critical for solving problems in the physical sciences, such as testing condensed matter and solid state theories.

Popular papers

  1. Graphene is a rapidly rising star on the horizon of materials science and condensed-matter physics. This strictly two-dimensional material exhibits exceptionally high crystal and electronic quality, and, despite its short history, has already…
  2. Graphene is the two-dimensional building block for carbon allotropes of every other dimensionality. We show that its electronic structure is captured in its Raman spectrum that clearly evolves with the number of layers. The D peak second order…
  3. The outstanding electrical, mechanical and chemical properties of graphene make it attractive for applications in flexible electronics. However, efforts to make transparent conducting films from graphene have been hampered by the lack of efficient…
  4. Mechanical alloying (MA) is a solid-state powder processing technique involving repeated welding, fracturing, and rewelding of powder particles in a high-energy ball mill. Originally developed to produce oxide-dispersion strengthened (ODS) nickel-…
  5. Excitonic solar cells-including organic, hybrid organic-inorganic and dye-sensitized cells (DSCs)-are promising devices for inexpensive, large-scale solar energy conversion. The DSC is currently the most efficient and stable excitonic photocell.…
  6. Graphene sheets--one-atom-thick two-dimensional layers of sp2-bonded carbon--are predicted to have a range of unusual properties. Their thermal conductivity and mechanical stiffness may rival the remarkable in-plane values for graphite…
  7. Thermoelectric materials, which can generate electricity from waste heat or be used as solid-state Peltier coolers, could play an important role in a global sustainable energy solution. Such a development is contingent on identifying materials with…
  8. This article reviews the basic theoretical properties of graphene, a\ntwo-dimensional allotrope of carbon, with unusual electronic properties. The\nelementary excitations are linearly dispersing Dirac fermions with vanishing\nelectronic density of…
  9. This article reviews the basic theoretical properties of graphene, a\ntwo-dimensional allotrope of carbon, with unusual electronic properties. The\nelementary excitations are linearly dispersing Dirac fermions with vanishing\nelectronic density of…

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