This paper is the second part of the new evaluation of atomic masses Ame2003. From the results of a leastsquares calculation described in Part I for all accepted experimental data, we derive here tables and graphs to replace those of 1993. The…
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This comprehensive text provides an introduction to basic nuclear physics, including nuclear decays and reactions and nuclear structure, while covering the essential areas of basic research and practical applications. Its emphasis on phenomonology…

The authors review the present status of selfconsistent meanfield (SCMF) models for describing nuclear structure and lowenergy dynamics. These models are presented as effective energydensity functionals. The three most widely used variants of…

GEANT4 is a toolkit for simulating the passage of particles through matter. It includes a complete range of functionality including tracking, geometry, physics models and hits. The physics processes offered cover a comprehensive range, including…

This paper is the first of two parts presenting the result of a new evaluation of atomic masses (Ame2003). In this first part we give full information on the used and rejected input data and on the procedures used in deriving the tables in the…

artreeFock calculations for spherical nuclei using Skyrme's densitydependent effective nucleonnucleon interaction are discussed systematically. Skyrme's interaction is described and the general formula for the mean energy of a spherical nucleus…

The rprocess, or the rapid neutroncapture process, of stellar nucleosynthesis is called for to explain the production of the stable (and some longlived radioactive) neutronrich nuclides heavier than iron that are observed in stars of various…

Adopted values for the reduced electric quadrupole transition probability, B(E2)↑, from the ground state to the firstexcited 2+ state of eveneven nuclides are given in Table I. Values of τ, the mean life of the 2+ state, E, the energy, and β2, the…

We outline the structure of the nuclear force in the framework of chiral effective field theory of QCD and review recent applications to processes involving few nucleons. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

F. L. Hinton and R. D. Hazeltine Fusion Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 The dissipation induced by coulombcollisional scattering provides an irreducible minimum, and thus a useful standard for comparison, for…

Shape coexistence in nuclei appears to be unique in the realm of finite manybody quantum systems. It differs from the various geometrical arrangements that sometimes occur in a molecule in that in a molecule the various arrangements are of the…

We review how nuclear forces emerge from lowenergy QCD via chiral effective field theory. The presentation is accessible to the nonspecialist. At the same time, we also provide considerable detailed information (mostly in appendices) for the…

Novel simple properties of the monopole component of effective nucleonnucleon interactions are presented, leading to the socalled monopolebased universal interaction. Shell structures are shown to change as functions of N and Z, consistent with…

The interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) gene encodes a transcription factor that plays an important role in the innate as well as in the cellmediated immune responses. The IRF5 gene has been shown to be associated with systemic lupus…

We present an overview of lowmomentum twonucleon and manybody interactions and their use in calculations of nuclei and infinite matter. The softening of phenomenological and effective field theory (EFT) potentials by renormalization group (RG)…

A review of perturbative manybody descriptions of several nuclear systems is presented in this report. Examples of systems considered are symmetric and asymmetric nuclear matter and finite nuclei with few valence particles. Our manybody…

The limit of neutronrich nuclei, the neutron drip line, evolves regularly from light to mediummass nuclei except for a striking anomaly in the oxygen isotopes. This anomaly is not reproduced in shellmodel calculations derived from microscopic…

The neutronrich (66,68)Ni have been produced at GANIL via interactions of a 65.9A MeV 70Zn beam with a 58Ni target. Their reduced transition probability B(E2;0(+)(1)>2+) has been measured for the first time by Coulomb excitation in a (208)Pb…

Choosing good problems is essential for being a good scientist. But what is a good problem, and how do you choose one? The subject is not usually discussed explicitly within our profession. Scientists are expected to be smart enough to figure it out…

This document contains a 108 pageLATEXfile which contains a lot equations in physics. It is written at advanced undergraduate/postgraduate level. It is intended to be a short reference for anyone who works with physics and often needs to look up…
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