A data-driven method was applied to Au+Au collisions at sNN=200GeV made with the STAR detector at RHIC to isolate pseudorapidity distance δη-dependent and δη-independent correlations by using two- and four-particle azimuthal cumulant measurements. We identified a δη-independent component of the correlation, which is dominated by anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations. It was also found to be independent of η within the measured range of pseudorapidity |η|<1. In 20-30% central Au+Au collisions, the relative flow fluctuation was found to be 34%±2%(stat.)±3%(sys.) for particles with transverse momentum p<inf>T</inf> less than 2 GeV/c. The δη-dependent part, attributed to nonflow correlations, is found to be 5%±2%(sys.) relative to the flow of the measured second harmonic cumulant at |δη|>0.7.
Abdelwahab, N. M., Adamczyk, L., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., … Zyzak, M. (2015). Isolation of flow and nonflow correlations by two- and four-particle cumulant measurements of azimuthal harmonics in sNN=200GeV Au+Au collisions. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 745, 40–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2015.04.033