Can KRAS and BRAF mutations limit the benefit of liver resection in metastatic colorectal cancer patients? A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Abstract

Background: Clinical trials investigated the potential role of both KRAS and BRAF mutations, as prognostic biomarkers, in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who underwent surgical treatment of CRC-related liver metastases (CLM), showing conflicting results. This meta-analysis aims to review all the studies reporting survival outcomes (recurrence free survival (RFS), and/or overall survival (OS)) of patients undergoing resection of CLM, stratified according to KRAS and/or BRAF mutation status. Materials and methods: Data from all published studies reporting survival outcomes (RFS and/or OS) of CRC patients who received resection of CLM, stratified by KRAS and/or BRAF mutation status were collected, according to the PRISMA guidelines. Pooled HRs were calculated for both the OS and/or RFS. Results: Seven eligible trials (1403 patients) were included. Pooled analysis showed that KRAS mutations predicted a significantly worse both RFS (HR: 1.65; 95% CI: 1.23-2.21) and OS (HR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.51-2.30) in patients who underwent surgical resection of CLM. BRAF mutations were also associated with a significantly worse OS (HR: 3.90; 95% CI: 1.96-7.73) in this subgroup of patients. Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests both KRAS and BRAF mutations as poor, prognostic biomarkers, associated with worse survival outcomes, in patients undergoing hepatic resection of CLM.

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Passiglia, F., Bronte, G., Bazan, V., Galvano, A., Vincenzi, B., & Russo, A. (2016, March 1). Can KRAS and BRAF mutations limit the benefit of liver resection in metastatic colorectal cancer patients? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology. Elsevier Ireland Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.critrevonc.2015.12.015

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