Selección por conformación de reproductores de tilapia roja Oreochromis sp., mediante prueba de progenie

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Abstract

Objective. Contribute to the statistical and genotypic characterization (mean, standard error, variance and heritability) of the Total Length (LT) and Height (LAL), and suggest a selection strategy to improve seed quality in broodstock of red tilapia Oreochromis sp. Materials and methods. The project was conducted in the Experimental and Production Fish Farm (PCJIC), one Km from the town of San Jerónimo, 61 Km to the west of Medellín (Antioquia). Three mating groups were formed, eachin proportion of 3 females and 1 male: a mating group of White Females (HB) x Red Male (MR) and two mating groups White Females (HB) x White Male (MB). The offspring were measured at 60 days post hatching, taking into account statistical assumptions. Results. The ANOVA showed that offspring differ significantly (p<0.001) for both continuous variables. The LT was greater for the offspring of HBxMB without reversion (8.04±1.04cm) and LAL was higher for the HBxMR offspring (2.33±0.44cm). The paired correlation between variables was highly significant (r≥0.79, p<0.001). Heritability were 0.59 (LT) and 0.64 (LAL). The dark spot percentages of the offspring were HBxMR (34%) and non-reversed HBxMB (66%). Conclusions. The progeny of Group 1 HBxHR had the better broodstocks for selection by conformation. It is suggested that the number of animals with greater LAL is increased. Additionally, it is important to consider the minor amount of dark spots in broodstock management by independent groups for mass selection.

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Hermes Pineda, S., Mónica Taborda, A., & Alejandro Hernández, B. (2013). Selección por conformación de reproductores de tilapia roja Oreochromis sp., mediante prueba de progenie. Revista MVZ Cordoba, 18(SUPPL.), 3626–3632. https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.128

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