We report a case of encephalitis associated with Zika virus infection and reactivation of varicella-zoster virus in the central nervous system of a Brazilian child. This case raises the possibility that reactivation of the latent varicella-zoster virus may be a mechanism of neurological impairment induced by acquired Zika virus infection.
Vieira, M. A. da C. e.Silva, Castro, A. A. de S., Henriques, D. F., da Silva, E. V. P., Tavares, F. N., Martins, L. C., … Vasconcelos, P. F. da C. (2018). Encephalitis associated with Zika virus infection and reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus in a Brazilian child. Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 51(3), 390–392. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0447-2017