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In this article, we investigate experimentally the suitability of several Bayesian filtering techniques for the problem of tracking a moving device by a set of wireless sensor nodes in indoor environments. In particular, we consider a setup where a robot was equipped with an ultra-wideband (UWB) node emitting ranging signals; this information was captured by a network of static UWB sensor nodes that were in charge of range computation. With the latter, we ran, analyzed, and compared filtering techniques to track the robot. Namely, we considered methods falling into two families: Gaussian filters and particle filters. Results shown in the article are with real data and correspond to an experimental setup where the wireless sensor network was deployed. Additionally, statistical analysis of the real data is provided, reinforcing the idea that in this kind of ranging measurements, the Gaussian noise assumption does not hold. The article also highlights the robustness of a particular filter, namely the cost-reference particle filter, to model inaccuracies which are typical in any practical filtering algorithm. © 2012 Dhital et al.
Dhital, A., Closas, P., & Fernández-Prades, C. (2012). Bayesian filtering for indoor localization and tracking in wireless sensor networks. Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1186/1687-1499-2012-21