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Introduction: Gaucher disease is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme β-glucocerebrosidase. Treatment with enzyme replacement therapy has been available for the past two decades but, although effective, enzyme replacement therapy can be delivered only by intravenous infusion every other week. The oral substrate reduction therapy miglustat (Zavesca®) has been available in Europe since 2002 for the treatment of patients with mild or moderate Gaucher disease type 1 for whom enzyme replacement therapy is unsuitable or not a therapeutic option. There are few published real-world data on the use of miglustat as a maintenance therapy in Gaucher disease type 1 patients switched from previous enzyme replacement therapy. We report a case series of three patients who were switched from long-term enzyme replacement therapy to miglustat for various reasons. Case presentation: All three patients were Caucasian and had confirmed Gaucher disease type 1. An 80-year-old man requested a switch to oral miglustat therapy in preference to ongoing intravenous enzyme replacement therapy, a 57-year-old woman was commenced on miglustat due to a shortage of imiglucerase, and a 56-year-old woman was switched from previous enzyme replacement therapy due to allergic reactions to intravenous infusions. Hematological disease parameters were stable in each patient on previous enzyme replacement therapy. Two patients continue to be treated with miglustat, having shown good tolerability and stable core disease parameters for approximately 4 years. One patient, who was also stable during 7 years of therapy, eventually discontinued miglustat as a precaution because he developed peripheral neuropathy of as yet unknown origin. Conclusions: Overall, our experience indicates that miglustat can be used as maintenance therapy for Gaucher disease type 1 after initial enzyme replacement therapy, but the selection of patients to whom this approach should be applied should be made after careful consideration of all disease parameters.
Serratrice, C., Swiader, L., & Serratrice, J. (2015). Switching from imiglucerase to miglustat for the treatment of French patients with Gaucher disease type 1: A case series. Journal of Medical Case Reports, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13256-015-0617-5