Background and aims: Fulminant hepatitis failure (FHF) is marked by the sudden loss of hepatic function, with a severe life-threatening course in persons with no prior history of liver disease. Interleukin (IL)-1α and IL-1β are key inflammatory cytokines but little is known about their role in the development of FHF. The aim of this study was to assess the involvement of IL-1α and IL-1β in the progression of LPS/GalN-induced FHF. Methods: WT, IL-1α or IL-1β deficient mice were injected with LPS/GalN. Blood and liver tissue were collected at different time points, FHF related pathways were examined. Results: After FHF induction the survival of both IL-1α and IL-1β KO mice was longer than that of WT mice. Lower serum liver enzyme levels, demonstrated reduced hepatic injury in the IL-1α and IL-1βKO mice. Histologically detected liver injury and apoptotic hepatocytes were significantly reduced in the IL-1αand IL-1βKO mice compared to WT mice. Reduced hepatic IkB levels and upregulated NFκB activity in WT mice remained inhibited in IL-1α and IL-1β KO mice. Hepatic expression levels of TNFα and IL-6 were significantly increased in WT mice but not in IL-1α and IL-1β KO mice. Conclusions IL-1α and IL-1β play a central role in the pathogenesis of LPS/GalN-induced FHF. These interleukins are associated with the activation of NFκB signaling, upregulation of the proinflammatory cytokines and liver damage and apoptosis. Since neither IL-1α nor IL-1β depletions completely rescued the phenotype, we believe that IL-1α and IL-1β have a similar and probably complementary role in FHF progression.
Sultan, M., Ben-Ari, Z., Masoud, R., Pappo, O., Harats, D., Kamari, Y., & Safran, M. (2017). Interleukin-1α and Interleukin-1β play a central role in the pathogenesis of fulminant hepatic failure in mice. PLoS ONE, 12(9). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184084