The species distribution, antimicrobial resistance and risk factors for poor outcome of coagulase-negative staphylococci bacteraemia in China

Citations of this article
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

This article is free to access.


Objective: Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are one of the major opportunistic pathogens and the incidence of CoNS bacteraemia is increasing. However, most of the CoNS-positive blood cultures are contaminants rather than true CoNS bacteraemia. In order to minimize contamination, we defined true CoNS bacteraemia as the patient that has two or more identical CoNS-positive blood cultures drawn within 48 h in this study and the objective of this study was to analyse the species distribution and antibiotic resistance and to identify risk factors for 30-day mortality of the true CoNS-bacteraemia. Method: By reviewing the electronic medical database, this study retrospectively analysed patients diagnosed as CoNS bacteraemia by blood cultures in a comprehensive tertiary care hospital in China from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2017. Result: A total of 1241 patients with 1562 episodes of CoNS-positive blood cultures were recorded in the database but only 157 patients were finally diagnosed as true CoNS bacteraemia after contaminants were excluded. All these 157 patients (12.7%, 157/1241) had bacteraemia-related clinical symptoms. Among the 157 patients, the most common species were Staphylococcus hominis (40.8%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (36.3%) and Staphylococcus capitis (11.5%). The antimicrobial susceptibility tests showed that all CoNS had a high rate of resistance to penicillin (94.9%), oxacillin (93.6%) and erythromycin (92.4%). Resistance to gentamicin (22.3%) and rifampicin (10.8%) was low, and none of the bacteria were resistant to vancomycin or linezolid. The 30-day mortality of patients with CoNS bacteraemia was up to 12.7% (20/157), and the multivariate logistics regression analysis showed that chronic renal failure (OR 5.9, 95% CI 1.6-21.5, p = 0.007) and chronic liver failure (OR 4.0, 95% CI 1.2-13.1, p = 0.024) were both the significant independent risk factors for the 30-day mortality of CoNS bacteraemia. Conclusion: Staphylococcus hominis and Staphylococcus epidermidis were the most common species in CoNS bacteraemia. All CoNS had high multi-drug resistance, but gentamicin and rifampicin had a relatively lower resistance and could be considered as alternative antibiotics for anti-CoNS bacteraemia in addition to vancomycin and linezolid. Additionally, patients with chronic renal failure or chronic liver failure have a higher 30-day mortality after the onset of CoNS bacteraemia.




Cui, J., Liang, Z., Mo, Z., & Zhang, J. (2019). The species distribution, antimicrobial resistance and risk factors for poor outcome of coagulase-negative staphylococci bacteraemia in China. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 8(1).

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free