Case Report: Gastric Mucormycosis- A rare but important differential diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in an area of helicobacter pylori endemicity

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Abstract

A 57 years female from the hills of Nepal presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding with gastric ulcer evident on endoscopy. Though initially treated with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication therapy alone, biopsy later on revealed both mucormycosis and H. pylori infection. She was then treated with antifungals liposomal amphotericin B followed by posaconazole which led to complete recovery. Mucormycosis is a rare but life-threatening fungal disease of immunocompromised host though our patient was immunocompetent. If recognized and treated at early stage, as in our patient, prognosis is good. A high index of suspicion is required for considering this disease in H. pylori endemic regions such as Nepal, and is crucial for early recognition and treatment.

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Adhikari, S., Gautam, A. R., Paudyal, B., Sigdel, K. R., & Basnyat, B. (2019). Case Report: Gastric Mucormycosis- A rare but important differential diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in an area of helicobacter pylori endemicity. Wellcome Open Research, 4. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15026.2

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