Objectives: Problem Gambling (PG) has been linked to several socio-cognitive risk and protective factors; However, knowledge on their impact on problem gamblers in Asia remains limited. This study compares gambling risk and protective factors between clinical problem gamblers and community individuals in Singapore. Methods: Data on gambling risk and protective factors, and PG severity were collected from 150 clinical problem gamblers and 150 community individuals through paper surveys. Results: Clinical problem gamblers scored significantly higher in PG severity, gambling-related negative thoughts and urge and psychological distress, and scored significantly lower in gambling refusal self-efficacy, hope, resilience and life satisfaction, than community participants. There were also more significant relationships between risk and protective factors among clinical than community participants. Conclusion: Gambling-related protective factors are relevant to clinical problem gamblers in the Singapore context, which could be further leveraged upon to inform and refine existing PG rehabilitation efforts.
Sivagnanam, P., Tian Po, O., … Wei, L. W. (2018). Gambling risk and protective factors among community and clinical samples in Singapore. Journal of Addiction and Recovery, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.33582/2637-4528/1008