National Socialist Black Metal (NSBM) emerged in the early 1990s as a subsidiary genre of the broader black metal movement. NSBM is distinguished by thematic content that promotes Aryan superiority, pagan spirituality and opposes globalization. Buesnel’s article explores the history of the early NSBM movement through an analysis of the bands Graveland (Poland) and Absurd (Germany), which have both played vital roles in the establishment of the NSBM genre. Buesnel highlights the current state of National Socialist ideology within metal subcultures and concludes with observations about the future of far-right extremism in heavy metal.
Buesnel, R. (2020). National Socialist Black Metal: a case study in the longevity of far-right ideologies in heavy metal subcultures. Patterns of Prejudice, 54(4), 393–408. https://doi.org/10.1080/0031322X.2020.1800987