Gross genetic alterations and genetic heterogeneity in a periductal stromal tumor of the breast

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Abstract

Background: Periductal stromal tumors of the breast are exceedingly rare biphasic breast tumors with close morphological relationship to phyllodes tumors. So far, results of genetic analyses on these tumors have not been reported. Case presentation: A 50 year old female patient was admitted to the hospital because of a palpable lump in her right breast with a diameter of approximately 5–6 cm which was surgically removed by lumpectomy. Histologic examination revealed a biphasic breast tumor classified as periductal stromal tumor. Array analysis showed a pseudotetraploid tumor with a copy number of 4 for most of the chromosomes. In addition, further changes of chromosomes 1, 5, and 6 were noted but there were no mutations of MED12 as those frequently seen in fibroadenomas or phyllodes tumors. Conclusions: The genetic alterations observed indicate karyotypic evolution leading to marked heterogeneity which fits with the tumor´s histologic and cytologic appearance as well as with its malignant behavior. Because of the absence of genetic similarities with phyllodes tumors, the case does not offer evidence for a common entity but rather suggests the existence of two independent entities.

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Holzmann, C., Helmke, B., & Bullerdiek, J. (2020). Gross genetic alterations and genetic heterogeneity in a periductal stromal tumor of the breast. Molecular Cytogenetics, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13039-020-00516-z

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