Hydrodistilled volatile seed oil composition of commonly growing ornamental Tagetes patula L. was analyzed for its constituents by GC/MS. Forty constituents were identified, comprising 94% of the total oil. Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (52.7%) and oxygenated sesquiterpenes (15.8%) were the main subclasses of volatile oil components followed by monoterpene hydrocarbons (12.6%). The principle constituents of the volatile oil were (E)-caryophyllene (44.6%) caryophyllene oxide (14.8%), germacrene D (3.8%), (Z)-β-ocimene (3.8%) and limonene (3.7%). From chemical point of view, oxides (15.7%) were the predominant group of components with caryophyllene oxide as their main representative. α-terthienyl (3.8%) comprised partially large amount in the volatile oil content despite of its polar and less-volatile nature. Taking into account the volatile oil profile, the chemical composition of the volatile seed oil of commonly growing ornamental T. patula L. was characterized as sesquiterpene and α-terthienyl rich one probably with appreciable biocidal (Insecticidal and nematicidal) and pharmacological potential.
Hassanpouraghdam, M. B., Shekari, F., Emarat-Pardaz, J., & Safi Shalamzari, M. (2011). Sesquiterpene rich volatile seed oil of Tagetes patula L. from northwest Iran. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 12(2), 304–311. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/12.2.920