Light chain multiple myeloma, clinic features, responses to therapy and survival in a long-term study

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Abstract

Background: We intended to investigate the long-term clinical characteristics, responses to therapy and survival in patients with lightchain multiple myeloma (MM). Methods: Ninety-six patients were enrolled into the study. There were 42 κ-chain MM patients and 54 λ-chain MM patients. All the patients werestage III in the Durie-Salmonstaging system. Among them, 66 patients received Velcade (bortezomib) treatment and the other 30 did not. Results: The main symptoms of these patients included bone pain (77.1%), weakness and fatigue (12.5%), foamy urine (8.3%) and extramedullaryplasmocytomas (33.3%). The overall response rate (ORR) was 95.5% in patients treated with Velcade and 60%in the patients without. The median survival times were 23 months in patients treated with Velcade and 12 months in patients without. The median time of progression-free survival (PFS) was nine months in patients treated with Velcade and five months in patients without. The one-year PFS and two-year PFS were 37% and 25%, 27% and 9% for patients treated with Velcade, or without, respectively. The three-year overall survival (OS) and five-year OS were 33% and 24%, 28% and 9% for patients treated with Velcade, or without, respectively. There was no significance in OS between the two groups (P=0.335). But there was significant difference in PFS between the two groups (P=0.036). Conclusions: Our long-term study demonstrated that patients with lightchain myeloma appeared to have more aggressive disease courses and poor outcomes, which could be improved by treatment with Velcade.

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Zhang, J. jia, Sun, W. jun, Huang, Z. xia, Chen, S. lun, Zhong, Y. ping, Hu, Y., … Li, X. (2014). Light chain multiple myeloma, clinic features, responses to therapy and survival in a long-term study. World Journal of Surgical Oncology, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7819-12-234

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