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As the body of scientific research focusing on the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 or SARS-CoV-2 continues to grow, several mutations have been reported as very common across the globe. In this study, we analysed the SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein (N protein) with respect to the widely observed 28881-28883 GGG to AAC variant. One of the major functions of the SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein is virion packaging through its interactions with the membrane protein (M protein). Our goal was to investigate, using in silico studies, the interaction between the mutant nucleocapsid protein and the M protein and how it differed from that of wild type N-M protein interaction. The results showed significant differences in interactions between the two. The mutant protein was predicted to form 3 salt bridges with the M protein, while the wild type only formed 2. The mutant protein was also predicted to display less temperature sensitivity than its wild type counterpart.
Quayum, S. T., & Hasan, S. (2021). Analysing the impact of the two most common SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein variants on interactions with membrane protein in silico. Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43141-021-00233-z