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Background: We aimed to compare the performance of EQ-5D-3 L and howRu, which are short generic patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), in assessing the outcome of hip and knee replacements, using the Oxford Hip Score (OHS) and the Oxford Knee Scores (OKS) for comparison. Methods: Outcome was assessed as the difference between pre-surgery and 6-month post-surgery scores. We used a large sample from the NHS PROMs database, which used EQ-5D-3 L, and a small cohort of patients having the same operations collected by MyClinicalOutcomes (MCO), which used howRu. Both cohorts completed the OHS (hips) or the OKS (knees). Results: The change (outcome) between pre-op and post-op scores as measured by howRu was greater than that measured by EQ-5D, relative to that measured by OHS or OKS. For hip replacements, the correlation for change measured by howRu and OHS was r = 0.77 (0.66-0.85). The corresponding correlation for change measured by EQ-5D Index and OHS was r = 0.64 (0.63-0.64). For knee replacements the correlation between change in howRu and OKS was r = 0.86 (0.75-0.92); between EQ-5D Index and OKS r = 0.59 (0.58-0.60). Conclusions: For hip and knee replacement, the outcome measured by howRu was more highly correlated with that measured by the condition-specific Oxford Hip and Knee Scores than were EQ-5D Index or EQ-VAS. The magnitude of change before and after surgery was also greater.
Benson, T., Williams, D. H., & Potts, H. W. W. (2016). Performance of EQ-5D, howRu and Oxford hip & knee scores in assessing the outcome of hip and knee replacements. BMC Health Services Research, 16(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-016-1759-x