Topographic distribution of choriocapillaris flow deficits in healthy eyes

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Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the topographic distribution of the choriocapillaris (CC) flow deficits in a population of healthy subjects. Methods Using a swept-source optical-coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) device, two repeated volume 6 x 6 mm and 3 x 3 mm scans were acquired in healthy subjects at the Doheny—UCLA Eye Centers. The en-face CC angiogram was binarized and analyzed for percentage of flow deficits (FD%) using a grid of progressive, concentric rings covering a circular area with a diameter of 2.5 mm (in the 3 x 3 mm scans) and 5 mm (in the 6 x 6 mm scans). The FD% for each ring was plotted against the distance from the fovea. The linear trendline of the resulting curve was analyzed and the slope (m) and intercept (q) were computed. Results Seventy-five eyes of 75 subjects were enrolled and divided into three subgroups based on age (year ranges: 21–40, 41–60 and 61–80). For the entire cohort and within each subgroup, there was a significant association between distance from the fovea and FD% in both 3X3 mm and 6X6 mm scans, with flow deficits increasing with closer proximity to the foveal center. Age was a significant predictor for both m and q for both scan patterns, with older subjects showing a steeper slope. Conclusions In SS-OCTA images, the topographic distribution of CC flow deficits varies with distance from the fovea and age. In particular, the FD% tends to decrease from the fovea towards the periphery, with a steeper decline with advancing age. These normal trends may need to be accounted for in future studies of the CC in disease.

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Nassisi, M., Baghdasaryan, E., Tepelus, T., Asanad, S., Borrelli, E., & Sadda, S. R. (2018). Topographic distribution of choriocapillaris flow deficits in healthy eyes. PLoS ONE, 13(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0207638

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