Caries development in the presence of Streptococcus mutans is associated not only with the production of extracellular water-insoluble polymers but also is based on water-soluble polysaccharides. The aim of this study was the evaluation of a novel glucan-specific Lectin assay for monitoring water-soluble EPS produced by S. mutans during several growth periods in different media. S. mutans cultures were grown for 24h, 48h, and 144h in medium deficient of sucrose (A) and medium supplemented with 5 sucrose (B). Microtiter well plates were coated with cell-free supernatants followed by the addition of labeled Concanavalin-A and enzyme substrate. The substrate reactions were kinetically detected at 405nm. The validation of the assay was performed using carbohydrates dextran, xanthan, and sucrose as reference. This new Concanavalin-A-based assay showed the highest sensitivity for dextran and revealed that the glucan production of S. mutans reached its maximum at 144h in medium B according to bacterial maturation. Copyright © 2011 Eva-Maria Decker et al.
Decker, E. M., Dietrich, I., Klein, C., & Von Ohle, C. (2011). Dynamic production of soluble extracellular polysaccharides by streptococcus mutans. International Journal of Dentistry. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/435830