An Improved Method for Cross-Project Defect Prediction by Simplifying Training Data

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Abstract

Cross-project defect prediction (CPDP) on projects with limited historical data has attracted much attention. To the best of our knowledge, however, the performance of existing approaches is usually poor, because of low quality cross-project training data. The objective of this study is to propose an improved method for CPDP by simplifying training data, labeled as TDSelector, which considers both the similarity and the number of defects that each training instance has (denoted by defects), and to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Our work consists of three main steps. First, we constructed TDSelector in terms of a linear weighted function of instances' similarity and defects. Second, the basic defect predictor used in our experiments was built by using the Logistic Regression classification algorithm. Third, we analyzed the impacts of different combinations of similarity and the normalization of defects on prediction performance and then compared with two existing methods. We evaluated our method on 14 projects collected from two public repositories. The results suggest that the proposed TDSelector method performs, on average, better than both baseline methods, and the AUC values are increased by up to 10.6% and 4.3%, respectively. That is, the inclusion of defects is indeed helpful to select high quality training instances for CPDP. On the other hand, the combination of Euclidean distance and linear normalization is the preferred way for TDSelector. An additional experiment also shows that selecting those instances with more bugs directly as training data can further improve the performance of the bug predictor trained by our method.

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He, P., He, Y., Yu, L., & Li, B. (2018). An Improved Method for Cross-Project Defect Prediction by Simplifying Training Data. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2650415

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