The 3D Printing of cement composites is one of the fastest developing technologies of modern concrete. The 3D printing involves concretes with high amounts of microfillers. The study analyses the influence of curing conditions on the development of strength of concretes applicable in 3D printing. Ten mixes were tested in the study. In the studied cases cement constituted to 50% of the mass, while microfillers such as lime stone powder, kaolin, quartz powder and sand (up to 2 mm) constituted to the rest of the mass. Samples were cured for 7 days in exothermic conditions at 5°C, 20°C, 35°C. Standard mortar samples of 4x4x16 cm and cylinders with 46.5 mm and height of 35 mm that simulate the printed 3D path were made. The compressive strength was tested after 12h, 24h, 48h, 72h, 168 h and 28 days. Based on the acquired results the temperature development function was formulated and activation energy was determined. The results showed that the proposed method is useful in evaluation of printed concrete curing. It can be also used to determine the time of loading the wall which can speed up the process of constructing while maintaining degree of safety.
Skibicki, S., Kaszyńska, M., & Techman, M. (2018). Maturity testing of 3D printing concrete with inert microfiller. In MATEC Web of Conferences (Vol. 219). EDP Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201821903008