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This paper provides an entry point to the problem of interpreting a deep neural network model and explaining its predictions. It is based on a tutorial given at ICASSP 2017. As a tutorial paper, the set of methods covered here is not exhaustive, but sufficiently representative to discuss a number of questions in interpretability, technical challenges, and possible applications. The second part of the tutorial focuses on the recently proposed layer-wise relevance propagation (LRP) technique, for which we provide theory, recommendations, and tricks, to make most efficient use of it on real data.
Montavon, G., Samek, W., & Müller, K. R. (2018, February 1). Methods for interpreting and understanding deep neural networks. Digital Signal Processing: A Review Journal. Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsp.2017.10.011