Low-level laser therapy and Calendula officinalis in repairing diabetic foot ulcers

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy isolated and associated with Calendula officinalis oil in treating diabetic foot ulcers. Method: An experimental, randomized, controlled, prospective, interventional clinical case study using a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 32 diabetic patients of both genders. Participants were randomly divided into four groups. Doppler Ultrasound evaluation of the Ankle-Brachial Index, brief pain inventory and analog pain scale were performed at baseline and after 30 days. Results: Reduced pain was observed in the Low-level laser therapy and Low-level laser therapy associated with Essential Fatty Acids groups (p < 0.01). Regarding the Ankle-Brachial Index and Doppler Ultrasound, all groups remained stable. By analyzing lesion area reduction, Low-level laser therapy associated with Essential fatty acids group showed a significance of p=0.0032, and the Low-level laser therapy group showed p=0.0428. Conclusion: Low-level laser therapy, performed alone or associated with the Calendula officinalis oil was effective in relieving pain and accelerating the tissue repair process of diabetic foot.

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APA

de Carvalho, A. F. M., Feitosa, M. C. P., Coelho, N. P. M. de F., Rebêlo, V. C. N., de Castro, J. G., de Sousa, P. R. G., … Arisawa, E. A. L. S. (2016). Low-level laser therapy and Calendula officinalis in repairing diabetic foot ulcers. Revista Da Escola de Enfermagem, 50(4), 626–632. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420160000500013

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