Background: Emergence of multidrug resistance in Enterobacteriaceae limits the selection of antimicrobials for treatment of infectious diseases. Identification of NDM-1 makes more difficulty in treating multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae infections. Carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli clinical isolates from a tertiary hospital in Wenzhou, east China, were investigated for NDM-1 production. Results: The two tested isolates were negative for modified Hodge test, but positive for a double-disc synergy test used for detecting metallo-β-lactamase production. E. coli WZ33 and WZ51 exhibited discrepant-level resistance to most clinically frequent used antimicrobials, but still susceptible to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, amikacin, fosfomycin, tigecycline and polymyxin B. E. coli WZ33 and WZ51 were positive for bla NDM-1 determined by PCR and DNA sequencing. Other than bla NDM-1, E. coli WZ33 also harbored bla CTX-M-14 and bla CMY-42, while E. coli WZ51 simultaneously harbored bla SHV-12, bla CTX-M-14 and bla CMY-42. Carbapenem resistance for E. coli WZ51 and WZ33 could not be transferred to E. coli recipients through conjugation, but could be transferred to E. coli recipients by chemical transformation. The EcoR1-digested DNA pattern of plasmids from the transformant of E. coli WZ51 was different from that of E. coli WZ51. MLST showed that E. coli WZ33 and WZ51 belonged to an animal-associated clone (ST167). Conclusion: The present study is the first report of bla NDM-1 carriage in E. coli ST167 isolates and coexistence of bla NDM-1 and bla CMY-42 in same isolate. Systemic surveillance should focus on the dissemination of bla NDM-1 among Enterobacteriaceae, especially E. coli ST167 clone associated with animal infection. © 2013 Zhang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Zhang, X., Lou, D., Xu, Y., Shang, Y., Li, D., Huang, X., … Yu, F. (2013). First identification of coexistence of blaNDM-1 and bla CMY-42 among Escherichia coli ST167 clinical isolates. BMC Microbiology, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2180-13-282