Oocyte slow freezing using a 0.2-0.3 M sucrose concentration protocol: Is it really the time to trash the cryopreservation machine?

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Abstract

Objective: To update results on outcomes with frozen/thawed oocytes using a differential sucrose concentration during dehydration (0.2 M) and rehydration (0.3 M), combined with a one-step propanediol exposure. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Private IVF centers. Patient(s): Infertile couples undergoing IVF treatment. Intervention(s): Oocyte thawing cycles between May 2004 and December 2010. Main Outcome Measure(s): Survival, fertilization, and cleavage rates were reported to evaluate biological outcomes. Clinical pregnancy and implantation rates were analyzed as markers of efficiency. Result(s): Three hundred forty-two patients and 443 cycles were monitored; the survival was 71.8%, fertilization 77.9%, and of the embryos obtained 83.8% were classified as grade 1 and 2. Three hundred ninety-four transfers were performed, resulting in 90 pregnancies. The pregnancy rate per transfer was 22.8% and per patient was 26.3%, with 122 gestational sacs. The implantation rate per embryo was 13.5%. Patients were divided into three groups according to their age: ≤34 years (group A), 35-38 years (group B), and ≥39 years (group C). Biological outcomes were comparable in all three groups, whereas the pregnancy rate per transfer was higher in the first group (27.7% vs. 21.4% and 17.6%). The implantation rates per injected egg were 11.8%, 8.0%, and 7.5% for the three groups, respectively. Conclusion(s): The biological and clinical data obtained on 443 cycles are consistent with our previous results showing that slow freezing of oocytes can be a valid tool in IVF practice when performed with a suitable protocol. © 2012 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.

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Bianchi, V., Lappi, M., Bonu, M. A., & Borini, A. (2012). Oocyte slow freezing using a 0.2-0.3 M sucrose concentration protocol: Is it really the time to trash the cryopreservation machine? Fertility and Sterility, 97(5), 1101–1107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.01.127

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