Introduction: Neglected infectious diseases like mumps may be opportunistic in controlled areas with low vaccine coverage, particularly in developed and emerging countries. Methods: A retrospective analysis of mumps-related data from 2001 to 2016 for São Paulo State, Brazil was conducted. Results: From 2014 to 2015, there was an increase of 82% in reported mumps cases in São Paulo, with prevalence of n=49 and 297, respectively in young adults aged 15-29 years. Conclusions: A booster-shot campaign on MMR vaccination is recommended to prevent the spread of mumps in unvaccinated children and recipients of only the first dose.
Urbano, P. R., Fujita, D. M., & Romano, C. M. (2017). Reemergence of mumps in São Paulo, Brazil – the urgent need for booster shot campaign to prevent a serious infectious disease. Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 50(4), 535–538. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0320-2016