Background: Massive ovarian oedema is a rare non-neoplastic clinicopathologic entity has a higher incidence in women during their second and third life decade. The oedema can be presented in one or both ovaries as a result of partial intermittent torsion of the ovarian pedicle that interferes to the venal and lymphatic drainage of the ovary. Case presentation: We present a clinical case of a 16 year old with massive ovarian oedema and we performed a review of the literature. The pathophysiology of this entity is very complex. We tried to perform a complete review of the literature and focus on the complexity of this entity as far as its pathophysiological backround is concerned and as far as its clinical presentation is concerned. Conclusions: In conclusion, massive ovarian oedema is a rare, multi disease mimicking clinical entity, with an acute or progressive clinical presentation. It has also to be a part of our differential diagnosis in cases of acute abdominal pain and we have to try to treat her conservatively, in order to preserve fertility.
Machairiotis, N., Stylianaki, A., Kouroutou, P., Sarli, P., Alexiou, N. K., Efthymiou, E., … Machairiotis, C. (2016). Massive ovarian oedema: A misleading clinical entity. Diagnostic Pathology, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13000-016-0469-3