Introduction . Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common sleep disorder which is characterized by urge to move the legs accompanied by disturbing and uncomfortable leg sensation during night and rest. This common condition affects 7–10% of general population and is frequently unrecognized, misdiagnosed, and poorly managed. Several clinical conditions like diabetes have been associated with secondary form of RLS. This study analyzed the frequency and possible risk factor for RLS development in diabetic patient. Material and Methods . This descriptive case-control study was done on 140 consecutive outpatient diabetics and age, sex, and body mass index matched control group. RLS was diagnosed by criteria of the International RLS Study Group. Results . Prevalence of RLS was 28.6% in diabetes and 7.1% in control group ( P=0.001 ). Sex difference was not significant and with rising duration of diabetes prevalence of RLS was not increased. Discussion . With regarding significant association between RLS and diabetes and its negative impact on quality of life/health outcome/sleep/daytime activity/cognitive function/ and mental state of diabetic patient/higher awareness of RLS among physicians and related health worker suggested.
Zobeiri, M., & Shokoohi, A. (2014). Restless Leg Syndrome in Diabetics Compared with Normal Controls. Sleep Disorders, 2014, 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/871751