The objective of the present research was to study the anti-inflammatory activity of sweet basil flowers, leaves of eucalyptus and the aerial parts of celery and sage on acute inflammation along with the effect of a methanol extract of celery, sage and eucalyptus on adjuvant induced arthritis in rats. The effect of the methanol extract of celery, sage and eucalyptus on certain biochemical parameters in adjuvant arthritis and its safety in liver and kidney functions were evaluated. The fatty acids, hydrocarbons and phytosterols of all plants under investigation were studied. The results revealed a marked anti-inflammatory activity of all the studied plant extracts with different degrees ranging from 47 to 62%. The methanol extract of celery, sage and eucalyptus showed improvement in the level of plasma malondialdehyde, tumor necrosis factor-á and uric acid and also showed significant improvements in body weight and total food intake. The methanol extract of celery, sage and eucalyptus showed complete safety for liver and kidney functions. á-Linolenic acid and linoleic acid were present in all the studied plants. Stigmasterol and b-sitosterol were present in all the studied plants.
Abdel-Moein, N. M., Abdel-Moniem, E. A., Mohamed, D. A., & Hanfy, E. A. (2011). Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic effects of some plant extracts. Grasas y Aceites, 62(4), 365–374. https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.125010