Arterial spin-labeling to discriminate pediatric cervicofacial soft-tissue vascular anomalies

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Abstract

Background and Purpose: Differentiating major subtypes of cervicofacial vascular lesions is crucial for appropriate management. The aim of our study was to evaluate the performance of an MR imaging arterial spin-labeling perfusion sequence in discriminating pediatric cervicofacial soft-tissue vascular anomalies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data from a prospectively maintained registry including pediatric patients at a tertiary pediatric center between January 2012 and January 2014. We included pediatric patients with a final diagnosis of soft-tissue vascular anomalies and an MR imaging, including an arterial spin-labeling sequence at presentation. We performed an analysis of lesion perfusion, blinded to clinical data, by using concurrent spiral 3D pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling (1.5T magnet; spiral matrix, 512 8 mm; postlabeling delay, 1025 ms). Lesional flow was recorded with calibrated intralesional ROIs. Perfusion characteristics were compared among lesion subtypes with the Mood Median test. RESULTS: Among 840 patients screened, 46 matched the inclusion criteria and were included (median age, 1.45 years; interquartile range, 0.4-5.1 years; 27 females). Hemangiomas, including infantile hemangiomas (n = 18 patients) and noninvoluting (n = 2) and rapidly involuting (n = 1) congenital types, demonstrated marked hyperperfusion (median flow, 436 mL/min/100 g; interquartile range, 212.5-603 mL/min/100 g), significantly higher than that of lymphatic malformations (median, 22.5 mL/min/100 g; interquartile range, 16-60 mL/min/100 g; P <.001) or venous malformations (median, 25 mL/min/100 g; interquartile range, 15-66.5 mL/min/100 g; P =.003). CONCLUSIONS: MR imaging arterial spin-labeling is a valuable tool for the assessment of soft-tissue vascular anomaly hemodynamics and for the classification of major lesion subtypes.

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Boulouis, G., Dangouloff-Ros, V., Boccara, O., Garabedian, N., Soupre, V., Picard, A., … Brunelle, F. (2017). Arterial spin-labeling to discriminate pediatric cervicofacial soft-tissue vascular anomalies. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 38(3), 633–638. https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5065

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