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This paper studies the impact of fear sentiment caused by the coronavirus pandemic on Bitcoin price dynamics. We construct a new proxy for coronavirus fear sentiment using hourly Google search queries on coronavirus-related words. The results show that market volatility has been exacerbated by fear sentiment as the result of an increase in search interest in coronavirus. Moreover, we find that negative Bitcoin returns and high trading volume can be explained by fear sentiment regarding the coronavirus. Our results also show that Bitcoin fails to act as a safe haven during the pandemic.
Chen, C., Liu, L., & Zhao, N. (2020). Fear Sentiment, Uncertainty, and Bitcoin Price Dynamics: The Case of COVID-19. Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 56(10), 2298–2309. https://doi.org/10.1080/1540496X.2020.1787150