Relationship between body composition and dyslipidemia in children and adolescents

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We studied the relationship between different anthropometric indexes and plasma lipids. Data were collected from 2014 to 2016 in 854 schoolchildren (6-18 years). Waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage (BFP) by bioimpedance, body mass index (BMI), and waistto- height ratio (WHtR) were measured. Total cholesterol (TC), HDLc, and triglycerides were measured in fasting blood samples and Non-HDL cholesterol (Non-HDLc) was calculated. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation, with percentages. Means were compared using the t test or ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test. The association between variables was tested by linear regression. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Obese boys had higher TC, non- HDLc, and LDLc than eutrophic boys (p < 0.05). In girls this difference was found only for non- HDLc (p < 0.05). Children with inappropriate BFP and WHtR presented higher LDLc and non- HDLc concentrations (p < 0.001), which showed positive association (p<0.001) with lipid fractions (TC and non-HDLc). Excess body fat increased the probability of cholesterol above the reference value (170 mg/dL) by 21%. Excess body fat was associated with an atherogenic lipid profile (higher non-HDLc), especially in boys.




Oliosa, P. R., Zaniqueli, D. D. A., Barbosa, M. C. R., & Mill, J. G. (2019). Relationship between body composition and dyslipidemia in children and adolescents. Ciencia e Saude Coletiva, 24(10), 3743–3752.

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