Chronic heart diseases as the most prevalent comorbidities among deaths by COVID-19 in Brazil

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Abstract

Age, sex and presence of comorbidities are risk factors associated with COVID-19. Hypertension, diabetes and heart disease are the most common comorbidities in patients with COVID-19. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of patients with comorbidities who died of COVID-19 in Brazil. Searches of data were carried out on the official pages of the 26 State health departments and the federal district. The random-effect method was used to calculate the prevalence of patients with comorbidities who died. From the beginning of the pandemic in Brazil until May 20, 2020, 276,703 cases of COVID-19 were notified in Brazil, 6.4% died, 58.6% of whom were male. The prevalence of comorbidities among deaths was 83% (95% CI: 79-87), with heart disease and diabetes being the most prevalent. To our knowledge, this study represents the first large analysis of cases of patients with confirmed COVID-19 in Brazil. There is a high prevalence of comorbidities (83%) among patients who died from COVID-19 in Brazil, with heart disease being the most prevalent. This is important considering the possible secondary effects produced by drugs such as hydroxychloroquine.

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APA

Pachiega, J., Afonso, A. J. D. S., Sinhorin, G., de Alencar, B. T., de Araújo, M. D. S. M., Longhi, F., … Espinosa, O. A. (2020). Chronic heart diseases as the most prevalent comorbidities among deaths by COVID-19 in Brazil. Revista Do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo, 62, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-9946202062045

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