Dental implants in immunocompromised patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  • Duttenhoefer F
  • Fuessinger M
  • Beckmann Y
  • et al.
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Abstract

Impaired health conditions and related lack of adequate host healing are among the most important conditions that account for dental implant failure. Today clinicians face an increasing number of immunocompromised patients requesting implant-based rehabilitation. To provide clinical evidence for prospective decision-making, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to analyse the influence of immunodeficiency on dental implant survival. The study was conducted according to the PRISMA Statement and the principles of the Cochrane Collaboration. MEDLINE and Web of Science were searched. Results were calculated by the pooled incidence of implant loss. Reported odds ratios (OR) from fully adjusted models were preferred. Distinct risk estimates were synthesised with 95% confidence intervals. A total of 62 publications including 1751 endosseous implants placed in immunocompromised patients were included. For the follow-up of 24 months and longer, the mean survival rate of implants in patients with HIV was 93.1%, chemotherapy was 98.8%, autoimmune disease was 88.75%, after organ transplantation was 100%. Crohn's disease showed a significant effect on early implant failure and resulted in increased, however not significant, implant loss. No significant effect of immunocompromised conditions on implant survival was detectable. Implant-based therapy in immunocompromised patients should not aggravate the general morbidity and must not interfere in life-saving therapies. A careful risk stratification prior implant therapy is fundamental. To further decipher the role of immunosuppression on dental implantology, more data from controlled and randomised studies are needed.

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APA

Duttenhoefer, F., Fuessinger, M. A., Beckmann, Y., Schmelzeisen, R., Groetz, K. A., & Boeker, M. (2019). Dental implants in immunocompromised patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Implant Dentistry, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40729-019-0191-5

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