Morning report for all: a qualitative study of disseminating case conferences via podcasting

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Background: Despite its long-established importance, diagnostic reasoning (DR) education has suffered uneven implementation in medical education. The Clinical Problem Solvers (CPSolvers) podcast has emerged as a novel strategy to help teach DR through case conferences with expert diagnosticians and trainees. CPSolvers has 25,000 listeners in 147 countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the podcast by eliciting the developers’ goals of the podcast, then determining to what extent they aligned with the listeners’ actual usage habits, features they valued, and perceptions of the podcast. Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 3 developers and 8 listeners from April–May 2020, followed by qualitative thematic analysis. Results: Three major developer goals with sub-goals resulted:1.To teach diagnostic reasoning in a case-based format by (1a) teaching schemas, (1b) modeling expert diagnostic reasoning, (1c) teaching clinical knowledge, and (1d) teaching diagnostic reasoning terminology.2.To change the culture of medicine by (2a) promoting diversity, (2b) modeling humility and promoting psychological safety, and (2c) creating a fun, casual way to learn.3.To democratize the teaching of diagnostic reasoning by leveraging technology. Listeners’ usage habits, valued features, and perceptions overall strongly aligned with all these aspects, except for (1c) clinical knowledge, and (1d) diagnostic reasoning terminology. Listeners identified (1a) schemas, and (2c) promotion of psychological safety as the most valuable features of the podcast. Conclusion: CPSolvers has been perceived as a highly effective and novel way to disseminate DR education in the form of case conferences, serving as an alternative to traditional in-person case conferences suspended during COVID-19. CPSolvers combines many known benefits of in-person case conferences with a compassionate and entertaining teaching style, plus advantages of the podcasting medium — democratizing morning report for listeners around the world.




Ow, G. M., Shipley, L. C., Nematollahi, S., & Stetson, G. V. (2021). Morning report for all: a qualitative study of disseminating case conferences via podcasting. BMC Medical Education, 21(1).

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