Visible light-assisted photoreduction of graphene oxide using CdS nanoparticles and gas sensing properties

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Graphene oxide sheets suspended in ethanol interact with excited CdS nanoparticles and contributed to photocatalytic reduction by accepting electron from nanoparticle. The UV-Vis measurement showed that electrical absorbance of the CdS/graphene oxide sheets increased by decreasing the irradiation time and after 2 h it remained constant which indicates the optimum reduction time. Furthermore, the direct interaction between CdS nanoparticles and graphene sheets hinders the collapse of exfoliated sheets of graphene. The 4-point probe measurement of nanocomposite with different ratios of graphene oxide in CdS solution after irradiation shows that the conductivity of them increased by increasing the amount of GO, but further increasing causes incomplete photo reduction process due to exorbitance increasing GO sheets which contribute to decreasing the conductivity. The CdS/RGO composite material can be used as a gas sensor for CO2 based on its electrocatalytic behavior. The low-cost and easy fabrication sensor shows rapid response and high sensitivity. By varying the amount of GO the optimum concentration which shows high sensitivity is found and its good performance compared with other is attributed to its higher conductivity due to complete reduction. Moreover, the effects of thermal annealing on the conductivity of CdS/RGO film and the performance of devices are researched.




Hasani, A., Sharifi Dehsari, H., Amiri Zarandi, A., Salehi, A., Taromi, F. A., & Kazeroni, H. (2015). Visible light-assisted photoreduction of graphene oxide using CdS nanoparticles and gas sensing properties. Journal of Nanomaterials, 2015.

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