Endometriosis is a benign gynecological disorder associated with pelvic pain and infertility, primarily affecting women of reproductive age. Thoracic endometriosis affects the pulmonary parenchyma or pleura. We report the cases of two patients with pleural endometriosis who presented with recurrent pneumothorax. In both cases, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest showed right hydropneumothorax and well-defined, rounded nodules on the pleural surface in the right hemithorax. We conclude that MRI is a good option for the characterization of pleural endometriotic nodules and hemorrhagic pleural effusion.
Marchiori, E., Zanetti, G., Rodrigues, R. S., Souza, L. S., Souza, A. S., Francisco, F. A. F., & Hochhegger, B. (2012). Pleural endometriosis: Findings on magnetic resonance imaging. Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia, 38(6), 797–802. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1806-37132012000600017