Reconstruction of the solar EUV irradiance from 1996 to 2010 based on SOHO/EIT images

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Abstract

The solar Extreme UltraViolet (EUV) spectrum has important effects on the Earth's upper atmosphere. For a detailed investigation of these effects it is important to have a consistent data series of the EUV spectral irradiance available. We present a reconstruction of the solar EUV irradiance based on SOHO/EIT images, along with synthetic spectra calculated using different coronal features which represent the brightness variation of the solar atmosphere. The EIT images are segmented with the SPoCA2 tool which separates the features based on a fixed brightness classification scheme. With the SOLMOD code we then calculate intensity spectra for the 10-100 nm wavelength range and each of the coronal features. Weighting the intensity spectra with the area covered by each of the features yields the temporal variation of the EUV spectrum. The reconstructed spectrum is then validated against the spectral irradiance as observed with SOHO/SEM. Our approach leads to good agreement between the reconstructed and the observed spectral irradiance. This study is an important step toward understanding variations in the solar EUV spectrum and ultimately its effect on the Earth's upper atmosphere.

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Haberreiter, M., Delouille, V., Mampaey, B., Verbeeck, C., Del Zanna, G., & Wieman, S. (2014). Reconstruction of the solar EUV irradiance from 1996 to 2010 based on SOHO/EIT images. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 4, 917–925. https://doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2014027

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