Preoperative determinants of quality of life a year after coronary artery bypass grafting: A historical cohort study

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Abstract

Background: Health related quality of life (HRQL) is an important patient related outcome measure after cardiac surgery. Preoperative determinants for postoperative HRQL have not yet been identified, but could aid in preoperative decision making. The aim of this article is to identify associations between preoperative determinants and change in HRQL 1year after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: Single centre retrospective cohort study in 658 patients. Change in HRQL was defined as a decrease or increase of ≥5 points on the physical or mental domain of the Short Form 12 (SF-12) questionnaire. Patients were stratified in three groups according to worse, unchanged, or better HRQL. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association between preoperative risk factors and postoperative change in HRQL. Results: Physical HRQL improved in 22.8% of patients, did not change in 61.2% of patients and worsened in 16.0% of patients. Comorbidities associated with change in physical HRQL were a history of stroke, atrial fibrillation, vascular disease or pulmonary disease. Most important risk factor for change in physical HRQL was preoperative HRQL. Higher preoperative SF-12 score decreased the odds for worse physical HRQL and increased the odds for better physical HRQL. Mental HRQL improved in 49.8% of patients, remained unchanged in 34.5% of patients and worsened in 15.7% of patients. Preoperative HRQL was an important risk factor for a change in mental HRQL. Higher preoperative physical HRQL increased the odds for improved mental HRQL. Lower preoperative mental HRQL increased the odds for better mental HRQL. Conclusions: One year after CABG the majority of patients experiences equal or improved HRQL compared to before surgery. Most important preoperative risk factor for change in HRQL is preoperative HRQL.

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APA

Verwijmeren, L., Noordzij, P. G., Daeter, E. J., van Zaane, B., Peelen, L. M., & van Dongen, E. P. A. (2018). Preoperative determinants of quality of life a year after coronary artery bypass grafting: A historical cohort study. Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13019-018-0798-2

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