Hazards assessment of the intake of trace metals by common mallow (Malva parviflora K.) growing in polluted soils

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Human risks increase by consuming plants growing in trace/heavy metals contaminated soil irrigated with polluted water. The present study aims to assess the ability of common mallow to accumulate trace/heavy metals from polluted soils at South Greater Cairo, Egypt; and their hazardous effects on consumer’s health. Five quadrats were used to collect soil and plant samples from three sites of un-polluted and polluted fields for chemical analysis and measurement of growth variables, as well as for assessing the daily intake of metals (DIM) and hazard quotient (HQ). Irrigation water analysis showed elevated concentrations of the investigated metals and mineral salts in the polluted area compared with the un-polluted one. Plant samples showed reduction in their growth parameters; as well as pigments and nutrient content in the metal-contaminated soil. In addition, Pb, Cd, Cu, Ni, Fe, Mn, Zn, and Co concentrations in the shoots and roots of plants grown in polluted fields were higher compared with plants grown in un-polluted site. The bioaccumulation and translocation factors of most investigated metals indicated the great ability of common mallow to accumulate such metals, which would increase the human intake of metals in their daily diets compared to their reference values (RfD). The hazard quotient (HQ) of Pb, Cr, Fe, Mn and Zn for children and Pb, Cd, Fe and Mn for adults was >1, indicating health hazards for the consumers of common mallow cultivated in the polluted area.




Galal, T. M., Shedeed, Z. A., & Hassan, L. M. (2019). Hazards assessment of the intake of trace metals by common mallow (Malva parviflora K.) growing in polluted soils. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 21(14), 1397–1406. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2018.1524842

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