Presbyopia is one of the earliest universal signs of aging and the basic pathophysiology involved in its development has been a matter of controversy for centuries. This article discusses many aspects of presbyopia by reviewing the literature on the multitude of age-related changes that occur in the eye.
Werner, L., Trindade, F., Pereira, F., & Werner, L. (2000). Physiology of accommodation and presbyopia. Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia, 63(6). https://doi.org/10.1590/s0004-27492000000600011