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El Niño is responsible for natural disasters and infectious disease outbreaks worldwide. During the 1997–1998 El Niño, northern Peru endured extreme rainfall and flooding. Since short stature may occur as a result of undernutrition or repeated infections during childhood, both of which are highly prevalent during natural disasters, we sought to determine if the 1997–1998 El Niño had an adverse effect on stature and body composition a decade later. In 2008–2009, we measured height, weight, and bioimpedance in a random sample of 2,095 children born between 1991 and 2001 in Tumbes, Peru.
Danysh, H. E., Gilman, R. H., Wells, J. C., Pan, W. K., Zaitchik, B., Gonzálvez, G., … Checkley, W. (2014). El Niño adversely affected childhood stature and lean mass in northern Peru. Climate Change Responses, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40665-014-0007-z