This report describes the first documented case of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae endocarditis in Latin America. The patient was a 51-years-old male, moderate alcoholic, with a previous history of aortic failure. He was used to fishing and cooking as a hobby and had his left hand wounded by a fish-bone. The disease began with erysipeloid form and developed to septicemia and endocarditis. He was treated with antibiotics and surgery for aortic valve replacement. There are only 46 cases of E. rhusiopathiae endocarditis reported to date. The authors wonder if several other cases might go unreported for lack of microbiological laboratorial diagnosis.
Rocha, M. P., Fontoura, P. R., Azevedo, S. N., & Fontoura, A. M. (1989). Erysipelothrix endocarditis with previous cutaneous lesion: report of a case and review of the literature. Revista Do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651989000400013