Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol-related hepatitis admissions: Analysis of nationwide data 2016-2020

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Abstract

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was a public health crisis affecting medical, social, and psychological wellness. In a previous study, we reported a rise in alcohol-related hepatitis (ARH) cases between 2019 and 2020 in the central valley of California. Our goal in the current study was to assess the impact of COVID-19 on ARH at a national level. Materials and methods: We used data from the 2016 to 2020 National Inpatient Sample. All adult patients diagnosed with ARH (ICD10 K70.1 and K70.4) were included. Information was collected regarding patient demographics, hospital characteristics, and severity of hospitalization. We analyzed the annual percentage changes (PC) between 2016-2019 and 2019-2020 to assess the impact of COVID-19 on hospitalizations. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with increased ARH admissions between 2016 and 2020. Results: A total of 823,145 patients were admitted with ARH. The total number of cases increased from 146,370 in 2016 to 168,970 in 2019 (annual percentage change (PC) 5.1%), while the cases increased to 190,770 in 2020 (PC 12.4%). The PC in women was 6.6% between 2016 and 2019, which increased to 14.2% between 2019 and 2020. In men, PC increased by 4.4% between 2016 and 2019 to 12.2% between 2019 and 2020. On multivariate analysis, after adjusting for patient demographics and hospital characteristics, there was 46% increased odds of admission with ARH in 2020, compared to 2016. The total number of deaths increased from 8725 in 2016 to 9190 in 2019 (PC 1.7%), while the total number of deaths increased to 11,455 in 2020 (PC 24.6%). Conclusions: A sharp rise in the cases of ARH between 2019 and 2020 was noted, which aligned with the COVID-19 pandemic. Not only did total hospitalization increase, but an increase in mortality was also noted, reflecting higher severity in the patients admitted during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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APA

Sohal, A., Chaudhry, H., Patel, J., Dhillon, N., Kohli, I., Dukovic, D., … Kowdley, K. V. (2023). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol-related hepatitis admissions: Analysis of nationwide data 2016-2020. American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 366(3), 209–218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjms.2023.06.002

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